2016年成人高考专升本英语完型填空练习及答案(2)
文章来源:[泉州理工职业学院]  |   发表时间:[2016/7/26 0:00:00]  |   发表用户:管理员

For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation. To keep up their work they must read letters, reports, trade publications, interoffice communications, not to mention newspapers and magazines: a never-ending flood of words. In  1  a job or advancing in one, the ability to read and comprehend 2 can mean the difference between success and failure. Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are  3  readers. Most of us develop poor reading  4  at an early age, and never get over them. The main deficiency  5  in the actual stuff of language itself ――words. Taken individually, words have  6  meaning until they are strung together into phrases, sentences and paragraphs.  7  , however, the untrained reader does not read groups of words. He laboriously reads one word at a time, often regressing(退回) to  8  words or passages. Regression, the tendency to look back over  9  you have just read, is a common bad habit in reading. Another habit which  10  down the speed of reading is vocalization―sounding each word either orally or mentally as  11  reads.
  
  To overcome these bad habits, some reading clinics use a device called an  12  , which moves a bar (or curtain) down the page at a predetermined(预先确定的) speeD.The bar is set at a slightly faster rate  13  the reader finds comfortable, in order to “stretch” him. The accelerator forces the reader to read fast,  14  word-by-word reading, regression and subvocalization(默读)practically impossible. At first  15  is sacrificed for speeD.But when you learn to read ideas and concepts, you will not only read faster,  16  your comprehension will improve. Many people have found  17  reading skill drastically improved after some training.  18  Charlce Au, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 172 words a minute  19  the training, now it is an excellent 1,378 words a minute. He is delighted that how he can  20  a lot more reading material in a short period of time.
  
  1. A.applying B.doing C.offering D.getting
  
  2. A.quickly B.easily C.roughly D.decidedly
  
  3. A.good B.curious C.poor D.urgent
  
  4. A.training B.habits C.situations D.custom
  
  5. A.lies B.combines C.touches D.involves
  
  6. A.some B.a lot C.little D.dull
  
  7. A.Fortunately B.In fact C.Logically D.Unfortunately
  
  8. A.reuse B.reread C.rewrite D.recite
  
  9. A.what B.which C.that D.if
  
  10.A.scales B.cuts C.slows D.measures
  
  11.A.some one B.one C.he D.reader
  
  12.A.accelerator B.actor C.amplifier D.observer
  
  13.A.then B.as C.beyond D.than
  
  14.A.enabling B.leading C.making D.indicating
  
  15.A.meaning B.comprehension C.gist D.regression
  
  16.A.but B.nor C.or D.for
  
  17.A.our B.your C.their D.such a
  
  18.A.Look at B.Take C.Make D.Consider
  
  19.A.for B.in C.after D.before
  
  20.A.master B.go over C.present D.get through



  
  参考答案及解析
  
  1―5 DACBA 6―10 CDBAC
  
  11―15 BADCB 16―20 ACBDD
  
  1. D 本句意思是“谁如果想谋得一份差事”。applying需加for, 意思是“申请”;doing做;offering提供; 此三项均不符题意,只有getting (获得)适合。
  
  2. A 本句意为 “快速阅读与理解的能力,是关系到成败的关键所在”。只有quickly与原意吻合。easily(容易地);roughly (粗略地);decidedly(果断地)均与原文内容不符。
  
  3. C 英语中,阅读能力强的人称为good reader,反之,就是poor reader。根据上下文的能力内容,多数人都属于poor reader,因此选poor(差的)。其它选项不妥。
  
  4. B 此处的意思是“大多数人早期养成了看书慢的习惯”。因此选habits(习惯)。training (训练,培训);situations(形势);custom(风俗习惯)。
  
  5. A 此处说的是“主要的困难在于语言的自身要素,即单词”。combines联合;touches接触;involves包括;这三项的词义与原文不符。而lies与in构成搭配,意为“在于”。
  
  6. C 这里的意思是“如果单独地看这些词,它们并没有什么意义”。some有点;A lot许多;dull单调的。此三项不合题意。只有little(很少)是否定词,合乎逻辑。
  
  7. D 此句意为“然而遗憾的是未受过阅读训练的人就不会意群”。Fortunately幸运地;In fact事实上;Logically合乎逻辑地,均不妥。Unfortunately(不幸地)合乎句义。
  
  8. B 此句意为“在阅读时经常重读(反复读)”因此,选reread重读。reuse再使用;Rewrite改写;recite背诵。
  
  9. A what引导宾语从句。
  
  10. C scales down按比例减少;cuts down削减;此两项不合题意。measures不能与down搭配。只有slow与down搭配的意思“放慢, 减速”,在此合适。
  
  11. B one 指 “任何人”。
  
  12. A 此句意为“训练快速阅读所使用的工具必然与提高阅读速度有关”,因此选accelerator (快读器)。actor演员;amplifier放大器;observer观察者。
  
  13. D 前面的faster决定了应当选than,构成比较级。
  
  14. C make… impossible (使…不可能)。此句意为“快速阅读器迫使你加快阅读速度,使你再也不能逐字阅读,回顾前文内容或者默读”。
  
  15. B 这里的意思是“速读最初会影响理解”,所以选comprehension(理解力)。meaning意义,意思,指词或词组表示的意义;gist大意,要旨;regression回顾。
  
  16. A 与前半句中的not only相呼应,构成句式“不仅……,而且……”,只有选but。
  
  17. C 本句中的主语是第三人称复数,物主代词必然是their。
  
  18. B take与后面的for instance构成短语,意为:“以……例”,其它三项不能构成搭配。
  
  19. D 这里把受训之前与受训之后的阅读速度进行对比,因此选before。
  
  20. D 此处意为:在较短时间内,读完众多的材料。master掌握;go over复习;present呈现,展现;此三项均不妥。只有get through (读完)最恰当。

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